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Sunday, July 26, 2009

Swayambhu Purana:

Description of Swayambhu Purana:

Jina shree Raj Bodhisattva had asked Jaya shree about the origin of the Swayambhu; the description of the origin as told by Upagupta Bhikshu to king Ashoka has been narrated in the first chapter of the story of the origin of the Swayambhu. It also gives an account of the prophecy made by Shree Shakyamuni to Maitreya Bodhisattva about the origin of the Swayambhu in the middle of the lotus with one thousand petals planted by Bipaswi Tathagata. At the time of Bipaswi, shree Shakyamuni was famous by the name of satyadharma Bodhisattva. In this chapter also shows the then Kathmandu valley was a big lake habited by Nagas (Snakes).

In Second chapter, as a reply to the question of Maitreya Bodhisattva, when did the Swayambhu come into being over the lotus planted by Bipaswi Tathagata?” Shakyamuni Bhagwan replied that Swayambhu originated at the time of Shikhi Tathagata when he was known as Kshemankar Bodhisattva. That chapter also gives a description of the fruits blessing due to worship of the Swayambhu.

In Third Chapter Maitreya Bodhisattva asks the Buddha, “When was the city made by clearing up the water of the lake resided by Nagas? There upon Shayamuni Bhagwan replied, “When I was known as Parbataksha at the time of Biswabhu Tathagata, a person by the name of Manju Devacharya cleared up the water by destroying the forest of Kuruwa, Chabaha, Suryaghat and Gokarna and established city, made Dharmakar its king and made the city famous as Manjupattan.

Maitreya Bodhisattva asks Shakyamuni Bhagwan about the creation of the places of pilgrimage after the founding of the city of Nepal in the fourth chapter. Then after Shakyamuni Bhagwan explained, “oh Maitreya! At the time when human being had a life of forty thousand years, I was living as Jyotipal Bodhisattva in the city called Kshamavati at Krakuchhanda Tathagata’s place. At time shree Krakuchhanda Bhagwan went to visit Shree Swayambhu. Then he narrated to his community and to the people in general about the origin of the holy pilgrimages Bagamati and Keshawati.

The fifth chapter provides:

I. Th e story of Manilingeswor Manichud, the image of Maitreya Bodhisattva on the hill of Manichud.

II. The story of the salvation of the Prince Gokarna, Gokarneswor , the image of Gagangunj at Gokarna.

III. The story of the suppression of Kulik, the king of Nagas, Kileswor Vaitarag, the image of Samant Bhadra at Changu.

IV. The story of the salvation of Sarbapal Vaidya, Kumbheswor Vaitarag. The image of Vajrapani at Kwonti.

V. The story of Manjugarta, who preferred sweets to learning, Garteswor, the image of Manjushree at the field of Phampi.

VI. The story of Omdiyan acharya, Phankeswor Vaitarag, the image of Sarbanibaran Viskambhi in the lake of Phampi.

VII. The story of the troubles faced by Omdiyan due to the testing of god Ganesh.

VIII. The story of Omdiyan Visualizing the effect of Astasiddhi (mastery of eight Skills). Vikramayaswor Vaitaraga, the image of Khagarbha Bodhisattva at Adeswor.

Thus the fifth chapter accommodates things about eight Vaitarag & the story of the salvation of Takshaka Naga at Punya Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Gokarna; the story of the salvation of Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati Gokarna; the story of the salvation of Lord Shiva and his consost Parvati at Shanta Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Guheswori, the story of the salvation of the shepherd Gopal by name at name at Shankar Tirtha, a pilgrimage at shankhame; the story of the salvation of the gambler Din chud at Nidhan Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Lakha Tirtha; the story of the salvation of the ignorant king called Sindhu at Gyan Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Karha river; the story of the Salvation of Koti Karna Sharthabaha, who showed impudence and disobeyed his own mother, at Chintamani Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Teku Dobhan, the story of the salvation of the demon Danasur at Danaga; the story of the salvation o fthe wicked king, minister, the sons of merchant of the country of Gaud at Sulakshana Tirtha, a pilgrimage at Bhajanga, and the story of the salvation of the demon the wife of Danasur, at Jaya Tirhta, a pilgrimage at Nekhu.

The sixth Chapter incorporates accounts of the coming of Dharma Shree Mitra to Nepal to comprehend the meaning of the twelve alphabets mentioned in Namasangiti and the accounts of his being king of Nepal & making of Shree Swayambhu famous by the name of Dharma Dhatu Vagiswor.

The seventh chapter gives an account of how the gods including Indra erected the stups as a fulfillment of the wish of shanty Karacharya to cover up Dharma Dhatu Vagiswor to make bowl shaped dipa over it, & also provides accounts of the establishment of image of gods including Basapur, after invoking them.

The eighth chapter describes about the prophecy of lord Bhagwan as to how the Nepal Valley will face drought for seven year and how Gunakama Deve, as instructed by Shanti Karacharya, Made the rain fall by bringing Karkotak, the king of Nagas. The ninth chapter comprises of the prophecy of lord Bhagwan as to how the twelve year long drought would be put to an and Bandhu Datta, the pupil Shanti Karacharya, King Narendra Dev and Lalit, a farmer serving the king, by bringing lok Natha (the Lord of the world) from Kamaru Kamaksha; if also provides the name of twenty one upa-Tirthas.

In tenth chapter are the story about the Chuda Bikshuni and the highlights about the rules of telling and listening Swayambhu Puran and also the blessing one gets for telling, telling, listening, making others listen, writing or making others write it.

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